While artificial intelligence (AI) holds vast promise to improve patient outcomes and make radiology more efficient, great challenges remain before AI can be trusted.
To provide ethical guidance about AI for the radiology community, the major radiology organizations from the U.S., Europe and Canada have jointly drafted a statement on the Ethics of AI in Radiology and made it available for comment until April 15, 2019.
Participating societies include the American College of Radiology (ACR), European Society of Radiology (ESR), Radiology Society of North America (RSNA), Canadian Association of Radiologists (CAR), Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine (SIIM), European Society of Medical Imaging Informatics (EuSoMII), and American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM).
The statement breaks the ethics of AI into three main areas for consideration:
- The ethics of data – including informed consent, data privacy, ownership and transactions of patient data – and technical and social issues related to bias.
- The ethics of algorithms and considerations to verify their safety and moral use.
- The ethics of practice, including practice-level policies to do the right things for patients, in order to minimize inequalities related to resources and potential gain.
All interested parties, including patients, radiologists and others in the radiology community who may be affected by AI technology, are encouraged to review the draft. Comments from patient advocates and experts in ethics, law, data privacy, and data science are especially desirable. The comments submitted will help in preparing the final version, which is expected to be published in November 2019.
Please submit your comments by April 15, 2019.